Florida Power & Light Co. (FPL) filed a petition with the Florida Public Service Commission (PSC) to request approval to acquire a power plant that it has had under a long-term contract to purchase power since 1988.
Upon taking ownership of the Cedar Bay Generating Plant, a 250 MW coal-fired facility located in Jacksonville, Fla., FPL plans to immediately terminate the contract and reduce the plant's operations by 90 percent, with the intention of eventually phasing the plant out of service. This plan is projected to save FPL customers an estimated $70 million and prevent nearly 1 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions annually.
In 1988, the PSC approved a long-term purchased-power agreement between FPL and the direct owner of the Cedar Bay plant, Cedar Bay Generating Company, Limited Partnership. The contract was based on the cost of power at the time; however, today FPL can generate electricity at a much lower cost.
Also, while the Cedar Bay plant is well-run, it nonetheless emits very high rates of CO2 compared with FPL's current generation fleet, which has an overall CO2 emissions rate much lower than the national average, according to FPL.
Under the existing purchased-power agreement, fixed payments for capacity and operating and maintenance total more than $120 million a year currently with annual increases until the contract's expiration in 2024. Like other purchased-power agreements, the fixed payments are paid for by customers through their rates, in addition to the cost of energy when the plant is operating.
In its filing with the PSC today, FPL proposes to purchase CBAS Power Inc., the indirect owner of the plant, from CBAS Power Holdings, LLC, for a price of $520.5 million. FPL would then terminate the purchased-power contract, avoiding the fixed payments that customers would otherwise pay through their rates over the remaining life of the contract.
Upon taking ownership, FPL expects to decrease plant operations by about 90 percent so that it operates no more than about 5 percent of the time based on its true economics. Reducing the plant's operations will prevent nearly 1 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions every year.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) calculates that this amount of carbon reduction is equivalent to saving more than 100 million gallons of gasoline or switching more than 23 million incandescent light bulbs to energy-efficient compact-fluorescent lights every year.
Based on the company's current analysis of operational needs, FPL expects to permanently decommission the Cedar Bay plant within the next two to three years. In 2017, when Florida's access to clean natural gas is expected to be enhanced by the new interstate natural gas pipeline entering commercial operation, FPL believes that the Cedar Bay plant will no longer be economic to dispatch or needed for reliability, and therefore would be retired nearly eight years sooner than it otherwise would have been.
FPL is requesting PSC approval of the purchase by July 31, 2015, so that the purchase can be completed as soon as possible to maximize customer savings. The fixed payments under the existing purchased-power contract are paid for through the capacity cost recovery clause on a customer's electric bill, and FPL requests that the costs and customer savings associated with its proposal be handled through the same mechanism.
Compared with the current fixed payments, the net cost is expected to be slightly higher during approximately the first three years, but then significantly lower over the remaining life of the contract — producing total projected net savings of about $70 million for customers.
The proposed plan is consistent with FPL's ongoing strategy of making investments to deliver affordable clean energy for its customers. Since 2001, FPL's investments in high-efficiency natural gas generation have enabled the company to cut its use of foreign oil by more than 99 percent — from more than 40 million barrels of oil in 2001 to less than 1 million barrels annually today.
FPL has been strategically phasing out older, less efficient fossil fuel plants and replacing them with new, high-efficiency natural gas energy centers that use about one-third less fuel per megawatt-hour. The company has also invested heavily to increase its use of zero-emissions nuclear and solar energy and recently announced plans to triple its solar capacity by the end of 2016.
Thanks in large part to the company's affordable clean energy strategy FPL is well-positioned to meet the EPA's Clean Power Plan targets for reductions in CO2 emissions — with no expected additional costs — unlike many electric utilities across the country. Likewise, by lowering the state's overall emissions rate, the plan filed today will help Florida meet the EPA's proposed statewide CO2 emissions reduction goals.